In Moscow, the terminus was installed in the Kremlin, near the office of the Premier".The Washington to London portion of the link was carried over the TAT-1 (Transatlantic No.Directly behind the standing man is a Teletype Model 28 ASR.

As in any research of this nature, minor conflicts of information arise.

Every effort has been made to minimize these situations.

IN THE BEGINNING David Kahn's, "The Codebreakers", 1967, p 715-716 provides an excellent summary of the how the Hot Line came into existence.

"As a result of the Cuban missile crisis the long, talked-about "hot line" between Washington and Moscow was to become a reality.

1), the first submarine transatlantic telephone cable system.

It was laid between Gallanach Bay, near Oban, Scotland and Clarenville, Newfoundland between 19 and was inaugurated on September 25, 1956.

The machine was designed for low speed, start-stop asynchronous applications in conjunction with a teleprinter, reperforator or T-D (Transmitter-Receiver).

Close ups of the T63 SU12 teletype which is on display at the National Cryptologic Museum.

The above configuration would have been duplicated in Moscow. (NSA photo enhanced by Jerry Proc)Four ETCRRM's were used on the Washington/Moscow Hotline when it was first installed - two in Washington, two in Moscow.