Some of the most notable publishers of Tin Pan Alley included Willis Woodward, M. The early 20th century also saw the growth of Broadway, a group of theatres specializing in musicals.

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David Ewen described this as the beginning of the "long and active careers in sex exploitation" of American musical theater and popular song.

Like the extravaganza and the burlesque, the variety show was a comic and ribald production, popular from the middle to the end of the 19th century, at which time it had evolved into vaudeville.

Rice used a dance that he copied from a stable boy with a tune adopted from an Irish jig.

The African elements included the use of the banjo, believed to derive from West African string instruments, and accented and additive rhythms.

The need to adapt enjoyable songs to the constraints of a theater and a plot enabled and encouraged a growth in songwriting and the rise of composers like George Gershwin, Vincent Youmans, Irving Berlin and Jerome Kern.

These songwriters wrote songs that have remained popular and are today known as the Great American Songbook.This form was innovated by producers like Tony Pastor who tried to encourage women and children to attend his shows; they were hesitant because the theater had long been the domain of a rough and disorderly crowd.The most popular vaudeville shows were, like the Ziegfeld Follies, a series of songs and skits that had a profound effect on the subsequent development of Broadway musical theater and the songs of Tin Pan Alley.In addition, the American music industry is quite diverse, supporting a number of regional styles such as zydeco, klezmer and slack-key.Distinctive styles of American popular music emerged early in the 19th century, and in the 20th century the American music industry developed a series of new forms of music, using elements of blues and other genres of American folk music.As Donald Clarke has noted, minstrel shows contained "essentially black music, while the most successful acts were white, so that songs and dances of black origin were imitated by white performers and then taken up by black performers, who thus to some extent ended up imitating themselves".