Religious adherents vary widely in their views on birth control.

The GOP opposition to this mandate is based on the view that it violates the "Free Exercise Clause" of the First Amendment of the U. Sex is a powerful drive, and for most of human history it was firmly linked to marriage and childbearing.

Only relatively recently has the act of sex commonly been divorced from marriage and procreation.

Among Orthodox Judaism, use of birth control has been considered only acceptable for use in certain circumstances, for example, when the couple already has two children or if they are both in school. It should be noted that the biblical law of being "fruitful" and "multiplying" is viewed as one that applies only to men, and women have no commandment to have children.

This is the reason why women are the ones to choose a form of contraception that they wish to use (i.e.

The commission appointed to study the question in the years leading up to Humanae Vitae issued two unofficial reports, a so-called "majority report" which attempted to express reasons the Catholic Church could change its teaching on contraception, and a "minority report" which explains the reasons for upholding the traditional Catholic view on contraception.

The 1987 document Donum Vitae opposes in-vitro fertilization on grounds that it is harmful to embryos.

The Islamic prophet Muhammad also is reported to have said "marry and procreate".

The Jewish view on birth control currently varies between the Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform branches of Judaism.

Some Hindus, therefore, believe that producing more children than the environment can support goes against this Hindu code.

Although fertility is important, conceiving more children than can be supported is treated as violating the Ahimsa (nonviolent rule of conduct).

As an implementation policy of the 2009 Affordable Health Care for America Act, the Department of Health and Human Services developed a mandate requiring all insurance policies to provide free contraceptives. Author and Family Life Today radio host Dennis Rainey suggests four categories as useful in understanding current Protestant attitudes concerning birth control.