internationl standard to dating documents - Dating of the book of revelation
The Book of Revelation specifically mentions that this revelation was of special relevance to the seven churches in Asia and that John wrote it and had it sent to those churches by messengers (cp Rev 1:4).
It is important to note that during Paul's ministry in the 50ies AD, there had been nine churches established in Asia.
It is not clear from this statement what Polycarp was referring to as "that was seen", for he could be referring to John and the visions John saw, he could be referring to the name of the Antichrist, he could also be referring to the book without it being clear if he actually meant that the book was written then or that it already existed.
This quote is not as clear as some want to make it, when they base their dating of the writing of the Book of Revelation on this source.
I would like to set forth in this study some of the often used arguments for both dates.
In addition, I will mention some points which I would consider to be imortant.
Domitian died in 96 AD after having reigned 14 years as Casear and Roman emperor. Or did John see the vision which then was recorded in the Book of Revelation at that time?
However, there are a number of things about this quote from Irenaeus which are not as clear and somewhat ambiguous. A difficulty is that the statement comes to us as a third party quote of what someone else quoted that someone else supposedly said about two centuries earlier.
The title page of the Book of Revelation contains the following statement: "The revelation which God gave the evanglist John on the island of Patmos where he had been banned by Nero Caesar." The emperor Nero however died in 68 AD, and according to Roman rules those banned by a Cesaer would be released after the Caesar's death ...
thus, John would have been released from Patmos in 68 AD (or shortly thereafter) and the time when he received this revelation and wrote it down would have been prior to 70 AD.
While dating books of the Bible is important, in most cases it does not change how we understand the meaning of the Book. When Genesis was written - during the lifetime of Moses - is important for establishing the creditability of the book.
It even helps to establish the creditability of Jesus Who taught that Moses wrote it.
The interpretations based on the acceptance of the late date as correct usually place the events recorded in the book of Revelation in the still future and thus they consider the prophecies in Revelation as unfulfilled.