Sociological research provides educators, planners, lawmakers, administrators, developers, business leaders, and people interested in resolving social problems and formulating public policy with rationales for the actions that they take.

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The term “sociology” was coined by Auguste Comte in 1838, from Latin socius (companion, associate) and Greek logia (study of, speech).

Comte hoped to unify all studies of humankind—including history, psychology, and economics.

The field of social anthropology has considerable similarities to sociology.

The differences are mainly historical, in that they came out of two different disciplines.

Seeking to understand how human beings live in and are affected by society, sociology is a key area in advancing human understanding of how to establish a world of peace and harmony.

Sociology comes from Latin: Socius, "companion;" and the suffix -ology, "the study of," from Greek λόγος, lógos, "knowledge." Sociology is a cluster of disciplines which seek to explain the dimensions of society and the dynamics that societies operate upon.

Sociology is a relatively new academic discipline among other social sciences, including economics, political science, anthropology, and psychology.

The ideas behind it, however, have a long history and can trace their origins to a mixture of common human knowledge, works of art and philosophy.

Sociological reasoning can be traced back to ancient Greece (Xenophanes' remark: "If horses would adore gods, these gods would resemble horses").