However, the government could not entice enough Europeans to settle in the desert northern states due to the climate.Most of the white Europeans and Americans who did arrive during the late 19th and early 20th century were associated with companies interested in railroads and mines.Soon after the first wave of expulsions, efforts began to repatriate Chinese-Mexican families which resulted in two major returns and various small groups returning between the late 1930s and the 1980s.

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After lunch, reboard your chartered train car for another thrilling train ride through the Canyon. After lunch, the afternoon is at leisure to stroll the cobblestone streets and the charming plaza of El Fuerte, center of all social life.

As you descend from the top of the Sierra Madre, you may see cascading waterfalls. Before dinner, enjoy a colorful and festive Mexican ballet folklorico.

Comfort and Safety, First Class Car Caravan has reserved an entire first class train car.

For your comfort, there are always more seats in your car than there are clients.

Despite the small numbers, those immigrants who did come had a profound effect on their host country economically. European and Chinese immigrants took over banking and wholesale commerce as well as pioneering the industrialization of Mexico.

Most Europeans who came to Mexico in the 19th century were young bachelors whose aim was to make their fortune then return to their home country to marry and retire.Between the years 18, during the term of President Porfirio Díaz, the Mexican government was trying to modernize the country, especially in building railroads and developing the sparsely populated northern states.When the government could not attract enough European immigrants, it was decided to allow Chinese migrant workers into the country.Sheer canyon walls give way to rolling hills and tropical farmlands. BLD This morning, see a demonstration of Paquimé pottery-making, made famous by the Casas Grandes Indians. After lunch, continue to Hermosillo, the capital of the state of Sonora. BLD Drive north this morning through the vast Sonora Desert with sweeping views of the Sierra Madre. B About The Copper Canyon Train The Chihuahua-Pacifico Railway, completed in 1961 after 90 years of construction, is a modern marvel of engineering.Sightseeing drive of the government palace and Asuncion Cathedral. The Sonora’s ecosystem includes a unique variety of plants and animals. This afternoon, re-enter the United States at Nogales, Arizona. Please do not schedule flights for this evening as there are often long delays crossing the border. Transfer to the Phoenix Sky Harbor Airport by hotel courtesy shuttle. The same rails are used by all trains going through the Canyon.For your safety, the seats in your train car are only available to Caravan clients and are not open to the general public.