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Following each period of excavation, the site was reburied to protect and conserve the cultural resources.The Norse settlement at L'Anse aux Meadows has been dated to approximately 1,000 years ago (carbon dating estimate 990–1050 CE), The remains of eight buildings (labeled from A–J) were found.He [i.e., the Danish king, Sven Estridsson] also told me of another island discovered by many in that ocean.
This speculation was based on the belief that the Norse would not have been comfortable settling in areas along the American Atlantic coast.
This dichotomy between the two views could have possibly been driven due to the two historic ways in which the first vowel sound of "Vinland" could be pronounced.
The toponym probably referred to a ship named after the Greek mythological figure of Medea, which would have been a typical name for seagoing vessels at the time.
In 1960, the archaeological remains of a Norse village were discovered in Newfoundland by two Norwegians: the explorer Helge Ingstad and the archaeologist Anne Stine Ingstad, who were husband and wife.
These losses made the harsh winters very difficult for the Norse people at L'Anse aux Meadows.
Before European settlement, there is evidence of aboriginal occupations in the area of L'Anse aux Meadows, the oldest dated at roughly 6,000 years ago.
There is evidence to suggest that the Norse hunted an array of animals that inhabited the area.
These included caribou, wolf, fox, bear, lynx, marten, all types of birds and fish, seal, whale and walrus.
They are believed to have been constructed of sod placed over a wooden frame.